Measures How to Be Safe During an Earthquake
Earthquakes are the natural disasters that can happen any time at any part of the earth. It takes thousands of lives within seconds. Earthquake in itself is not disastrous, but it is considered when building collapse and turned into rubble.
It is important being prepared for an earthquake. It will make the difference for being able to protect yourself, your family or your home. There are some measures to be taken to Keep family save but as well as, the structure of the building also accounted.
Keep reading this article to learn how to be saved during such calamity, and also to keep your home and family save for an earthquake.
Have an Emergency Supplies Kit?
If you care for your family then you must keep a disaster kit in your house.
This kit should include oxygen bags, water bottles, some nuts or dry fruits, batteries, extra cash, medication and other necessary things.
What Should You Do During an Earthquake?
when an earthquake strikes you, stay where you are whether inside or outside. While indoor, keep yourself out of the heavy things that are easy to fall such as T.V, lightening lights, books shelf etc.
Use the tips below protect yourself during an earthquake.
When You Are Indoors During Earthquake Hits:
- Get down and hide under a table or chair. Be there until the shaking stops.
- Find a way to exit, when you find it safe.
- Keep distance from fireplace, gas heaters, windows and light fitting areas.
- If you are on the bed –stay there and Protect your head with a pillow to protect yourself from broken glasses and things.
- If you can’t move or on the wheelchair, then lock the chair and stay there. It is better to cover your head with arms to be safe from a devastating injury.
- Do not use elevators, or staircase in that situation.
- Be prepared for spray or fire alarms to activate.
When You Are in Open Space During an Earthquake:
- Stick to the ground and away from buildings, trees and power lines.
- If you are driving then pull off the road, stop and set your parking brake. Stay away from overpasses, bridges, electricity lines, trees, signs, buildings, vehicles and other things that may fall on your car.
Three things that must be remembered during such situation i.e. Drop, Cover, And Hold.
Drop: Get on your hands and toes so that it would be easy for you to save from being hit. It’s also an ideal position to crawl to some shelter.
Cover: Put an arm or hand over your head to protect your head from severe injury. Start towards the table to be saved until shaking stops. If you don’t find table nearby, then save yourself by the side of your home’s interior walls away from furniture that might topple.
Hold: Your stay under the table is not just enough. While you are under a save place, hold that table or thing tight with one hand and cover your head with the other hand.
Build Such Houses That Are Prepared for An Earthquake
Make your house more susceptible to harm from earthquakes through structure and content measurement. Consider whether your home, anchored to it, has weak walls, unbridged foundations in dock and post or a masonry wall or an old concrete foundation. Hire a skilled builder to correct the house faults. If you are rented, then ask the owner to fix all the problems.
Other than fixing old faults, build your house earthquake resistant.
For this reason, the final structural design and requirement should be noted.
If done accordingly, these structures can become earthquake-proof. In case there is a massive earthquake, these structures will remain safe and protected.
Here are some advice and designs you might find useful:
Location is a major consideration in constructing a home that is sensitive to earthquakes. The land should be intact and the risk of rockslides or mudslides in the area should not be present. The area should be close to hillsides, marshy regions or areas of river beds.
For this purpose, Consult with a specialist in soil or soil engineer. ⠀
The structural design for a house
You have seen most of the houses consist of perpendicular walls. These are built like this for a reason. Structurally, if considered, this is the best style. In such areas where earthquakes come frequently, these regular and symmetrical designs are highly preferred. The walls must be perpendicularly split and symmetrically proportioned.
No compromise for the material
The materials used in the building should be standardized and of the best value, to prevent any mistake or disaster. All materials should be uniform because the building is not conducted with a single element. It is total integration that demonstrates that the building is earthquake-proof. The used materials should be able to absorb energy from the earthquake and then dissipate the same energy as needed again.
These simple tips help in creating the best earthquake-proof structures. If you want to know more about the construction of the house then check out our other blogs.