Historical Overview of Gwadar A ‘Smart Port City’
A new project to develop Gwadar as the ' Smart Port City ' has been announced by the Planning commission.
The plan will concentrate primarily on using IT solutions to improve the people ' economic quality and efficiency of lives. It will also encourage minimum resource consumption and help reduce pollution.
The planning commission proposes to update its current scheme to integrate new ideas, due to the relationship between the port and the Chinese-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
Gwadar's present scheme has been revised in 2005 for the last time. The scheme indicates that the port and the city of Gwadar are two interdependent elements. In order to reach the milestone, both of them should be concentrated. In the last few years, several setbacks have delayed port growth.
- Shortage of resources
- Non-fulfilment of business agreements.
- Limited commercial activities in the city.
A Chinese company accountable for updating the master plan has been granted the concession. The new plan will be a separate entity of the port and the city.
Benefits of Gwadar City
The plan aims to contribute to the strategic development of the coast of Makran, particularly in the area of Gwadar.
It will also help to facilitate:
- Community participation
- Public-private partnerships
- Industrial and economic development.
Under corridor plans, the port is to be declared as a ' free ' port for transportation and the city is to be declared as SZE for trade and investment.
Historical overview of Gwadar
The region of Balochistan lies at the southern edge of Pakistan and is linked to the Iranian Plateau. The province of Balochistan is linked to Sistan. The name of Balochistan comes from Baloch who talks an Iranian language in that region.
The Balochistan area was part of the Persian Empire in ancient times and then occupied by the Iranians and the Indians. By the moment Islam appeared here in 600 A.D, Balochistan had been governed by the Persian Empire and substituted by the Arabs, then the Rai dynasty of the Sindh region had governed this land. The Arabs once more defeated the Makran river coastline in 1644 during the Battle of Rasil.
In the 11th century, Seljuk dynasty conquered the Persian empire and then occupied the area of Baluchistan.
This region is still being attacked and ruled by a number of dynasties. Gwadar is a part of Balochistan and has been purchased from the kingdom of Muscat. Pakistan sought a resolution from the British Government as a result of the contract reached by the British government in March 1891 with Sultan.
Pakistan's administration continued to raise with the UK government the Gwadar issue, and it was confirmed that India was also going to pick up the Gwadar port but Pakistan won and on 1 August 1958, the two countries signed an agreement.
According to the agreement, the Pakistani government agreed to pay an amount of $10 million. Gwadar port was handed over to Pakistan on September 8, 1958, through the British representative.
In 1971, the state was offered to construct a port, but this project has been rejected again owing to Karachi Port's priority and Gwadar's report on feasibility.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto offered to the US to build a port in Gwadar during the People's Party regime in 1974 and use it as a naval base in that country. The US, however, rejected the proposal because the US already has a ship in Chabahar under Shah Iran's friendly government.
The agreement to construct a fishing jetty on Gwadar was given to a Belgium company in 1988 which ended in 1992 because a research committee was established in 1991 during the concept of deep-sea port water and then termed it the deepest seaport.
Development was begun in 1995 on a Rs 1 billion budget in accordance with the government's instructions to finance Gwadar port. In 1996, Gwadar was set up by the Government in Rs 2 billion.
In 2002, a Chinese-Pak agreement to construct Phase 1 of Gwadar's port under COPHC with the complete price of Rs 248 million was concluded between China and Pakistan.
Pakistan contributed Rs 50 million out of 248 million, while China paid the rest of all.
Still working is going on in Gwadar under contract with Chinese.